dilluns, 6 de juliol de 2009

Lliure acomiadament?


Per poc que seguiu aquest blog, ja us haureu adonat que tinc una forta tendència, alguns potser pensareu que és malaltissa, a pensar que les polítiques que potencien la igualtat són beneficioses en molts sentits. Però no seria el cas en l’actual debat entre agents socials sobre la reforma del mercat laboral i, en particular, sobre el lliure acomiadament.
Trobo que fer pagar indemnitzacions a les empreses per reduir plantilla justament quan les estan passant magres no té gaire sentit. Bàsicament les indemnitzacions encareixen un procés que és ineludible, que si no es fes amb severitat podria acabar amb el tancament de l’empresa, que perjudica la solvència de les empreses supervivents, i que ralentitza la seva recuperació i alhora el període de temps en que tornarien a demandar treball.

I si el problema més gran que ha generat la crisi fins ara, si més no a Espanya, és l’augment espectacular de l’atur, sembla que tot allò que pogués a ajudar a que aquells que demanden treball i generen ocupació s’hauria d’afavorir.

És cert, sembla un contrasentit. Però el lliure acomiadament tot i poder accelerar la destrucció d’ocupació al principi de la crisi també podria ajudar a fer que el procés fos més curt.

Finalment, és evident que les indemnitzacions que reben els treballadors acomiadats tenen una elevada utilitat per mantenir o frenar la caiguda del nivell de benestar dels afectats, adaptar-se millor a la nova situació i preparar-se per tornar a arrencar el més aviat millor. I és evident que això és important. D'aquí la vinyeta d'el Roto...

Però l’única manera d’aconseguir-ho és fent-ho d’aquesta manera? Doncs, no. A mi se m’acudeixen diverses alternatives. En primer lloc, els treballadors podrien acceptar un augment salarial anual equivalent als 45 dies per any treballat a canvi de renunciar a les indemnitzacions en temps de crisi. Amb aquest augment salarial, es podrien pagar una assegurança d’acomiadament, o fer-se un pla d’estalvi per cobrir-se de possibles eventualitats. També es podria tractar d’una provisió obligatòria que les empreses haurien d’anar pagant anualment i que aniria a un fons del que el treballador acomiadat rebria una compensació en el moment de ser acomiadat, a l’estil del sistema de pensions. Els detalls no interessen. Bé, els detalls interessen, però no aquí.

D’aquesta manera les empreses continuarien pagant les indemnitzacions però deixarien de fer-ho en el pitjor moment del cicle. Pel que fa als treballadors, continuarien rebent les indemnitzacions i en el cas que la fase contractiva del cicle fos més curta podrien tornar a trobar feina abans.

Trobo que fora bo que quan els agents socials s’asseguin a negociar optessin per un acord que anés en aquesta direcció. És tractaria d’una reforma profunda que segurament només es podria aplicar a mitjà termini i els beneficis de la qual només es deixarien notar en la superació de la següent crisi.

La defensa de l’status quo que fan els sindicats s’entén perfectament davant l’absència d’alternatives interessants de la patronal. La desorientació de l’actual govern tampoc ajuda. Però potser hi hauria consens davant de reformes que podrien beneficiar a ambdues parts.

26 comentaris:

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les empreses a vegades també aprofitant els tens de crisis per acomiadar treballadors simplement en benefici d´ella mateixa...en realitat quan es temps de vacas grosses les empreses haurien de repartir aquest beneficis o crear un fons de compensació... de tal manera que quedarian cobertes en cas de problemes....si no tenen liquideza pels acomiadaments el estat i gracies aquest fons podria allargar l´atur del traballador fins complimentar els anys treballats o cotizats... creant aquest fons ni treballador, ni empresa ets veurian perjudicats...uan abraçada

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